20.12.2009 | 00:16
Žį er loftslagsrįšstefnunni ķ Köben lokiš.
Og flestir viršast sammįla um aš įrangurinn hafi oršiš heldur snautlegur. Vissulega var žarna ķ blįlokin reyndar samžykkt yfirlżsing, sem fengiš hefur heitiš Kaupmannahafnar-yfirlżsingin (Copenhagen Accord). En hśn hefur nįkvęmlega enga lagalega žżšingu og žvķ algerlega óljóst hvaš mun taka viš eftir aš Kyoto-bókunin rennur śt 2012.
Vęntanlega veršur bošaš til nżrrar rįšstefnu til aš móta bindandi markmiš og skuldbindingar. Kannski best aš žetta gerist utan svišsljóssins og žį einfaldlega innan Sameinušu žjóšanna. Žessar megarįšstefnur viršast hreinlega ekki vera aš nį tilgangi sķnum lengur.
Aš auki fengum viš sem eigum sęti ķ CEL (IUCN's Commission on Environmental Law) send sérstök skilaboš fyrr ķ dag, um innihald Kaupmannahafnar-yfirlżsingarinnar og žżšingu hennar. Orkubloggarinn lętur žessa sendingu fljóta meš hér aš nešan og hverjum og einum frjįlst aš móta sér sķna eigin skošun į žvķ hvort žessi rįšstefna ķ Kaupmannahöfn eigi eftir aš hafa einhverja žżšingu ķ framtķšinni. En skilabošin til CEL hljóšušu žannig:
While much work remains, the Copenhagen Summit process has led to important steps forward by the United States and many counties around the world. Here are a few highlights of noteworthy developments. These developments are a meaningful start down the pathway to binding global agreement.
At 10:33, Copenhagen time, December 19, 2009,the nations approved the Copenhagen Accord. The new deal engages the United States with other developed and developing countries in an agreement that includes emission reductions, investments in clean technology and adaptation. Over the next years countries will submit their pollution targets, finalize the operational arrangements for short and long term finance that ramps up to at least $100 Billion and work out accountability arrangements and move toward a legally binding agreement. While the deal is not as fair as it should be, not as ambitious as science recommends and not yet binding, it is much needed progress toward global cooperation on the most dangerous issue facing our world today.
Countries have until January 30th to submit their emissions reductions commitments. They are not done yet - there is much more work to do to protect us from dangerous climate change.
Unprecedented Public Support for Strong Climate Action:
"Never has the world united on such a scale" - Ban Ki Moon,Dec. 18.
- 125 Heads of state.
- 45,000 summit attendees.
- 100,000 marched in Copenhagen calling for strong action.
- 13million petition signers on the "tck, tck, tck" petition (www.tcktcktck.org, which calls for a fair,ambitious and binding agreement).
For the first time, the majority of the world's countries have offered to reduce their emissions, including but not limited to:
US - 17% by 2020(below 2005 levels).
EU-20% by 2020 (below 1990).
China - 40-45% by 2020 (below 2005 levels, energy intensity).
India - 20-25% by 2020 (below 2005 levels, energy intensity).
Brazil - 21-25% by 2020 (below 2005 levels).
Indonesia - 26% by 2020 (below BAU).
Mexico - 50% by2050 (below 2000).
South Africa -34% by 2020 (below BAU).
South Korea - 4% by 2020 (below 2005).
Japan - 25% by 2020 (below 1990).
Architecture for a Program to Protect Forests: Agreement on the basic architecture and financing for international forest protection (Reductions in Emissions in Deforestation and Degradation; REDD).
Transparency in Meeting Emissions Reductions: US and China have agreed to a method for international emission reduction reporting for all counties. This consists of a domestic legally binding system to report and verify carbon emissions reduction activities. Should the US or other countries have questions, they've agreed to an international process for validating the data.
Clean Technology for the DevelopingWorld: Agreement on a technology deployment mechanism with two elements: 1) a technology executive committee and 2) a climate technology center/network. They have also agreed on a short list of functions for the above two bodies.
- 40-45% below 2005 levels by 2020, Intensity target.
- Increase non-fossil primary energy by 15%.
- Increase level of forest cover and forest density.
- 20% Energy Intensity Reduction Target over 5 years.
Financial Commitments from US and other Countries:
Fast-start Financing: This process has resulted in general commitments being replaced by real dollar figures, providing money over the next 3 years:
- The US has committed to our share of $30 billion.
- Japanhas committed $15 billion.
Financing for Forest Protection:
The US pledged $1 billion over the next 3-years for REDD.
Australia, France, Japan, Norway, UK and US combined pledged $3.5 billion from 2010 to 2012.
Clean Technology Deployment:
US Department of Energy's Climate Renewables and Efficiency Deployment Initiative (REDI) - $350 million multi-lateral commitment over 5-years, of which $85 million is from the US for the scaling up renewable energy via the following programs:
- SolarLED Energy Access Program.
- Superefficient equipment and appliance deployment program.
- Clean Energy information platform.
Black Carbon (soot that harms public health and exacerbates climate change):
US EPA committedto $5 million to reduce black carbon emissions.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton committed to contributing our share of a $100 billion fund for adaption, forest protection, and mitigation.
Phase out of Fossil Fuels:Secretary Locke reaffirmed commitment made at G20to phase out of fossil fuels.
World Resources Institute, 2009, Summary of GHG Reduction Pledges by Developing Countries.
Svo mörg voru žau orš. Orkubloggaranum veršur hugsaš til Matador-spilsins skemmtilega hér ķ Den: "Faršu aftur į byrjunarreit...". Žaš var a.m.k. skįrra heldur en "Faršu beinustu leiš ķ Steininn..."!